HYPERTENSION: THE SILENT KILLER

Blood pressure:

Blood pressure

Blood pressure

Blood is a liquid connective tissue that confined to a closed system of vessels within our body and perform the most vital work for our body. Blood is involved in oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange in other body tissues as well as supplying nutrients, minerals and vitamins to the tissue and excreting tissue waste products from the body.

Blood pressure is the lateral pressure exerted by the blood to the wall of blood vessel while flowing through it. The name of instrument by which blood pressure is measured is Sphygmomanometer. Blood pressure measurement shows two reading. The upper limit is ranging from 100-140 mmHg and the lower limit is ranging from 60-90 mmHg.

The upper limit of blood pressure is known as Systolic blood pressure and the lower limit is known as Diastolic blood pressure. Average normal limit of blood pressure is 120-80 mmHg of a healthy person.

High blood pressure

High Blood pressure

Hypertension: Raised blood pressure.

Hypertension is the symptom of raised blood pressure. When systolic blood pressure is consistently elevated above 140 mmHg or Diastolic blood pressure is above 90 mmHg, Hypertension is diagnosed.

Blood pressure measurement

Blood pressure measurement

 

Causes of hypertension:

In 90% of cases the cause of high blood pressure is not known. But several factors are associated with developing high blood pressure.

Age– The risk of developing high blood pressure increases as you get older.
• Family history– A positive family history of high blood pressure.
Obesity or overweight.
Lack of exercise.
Fatty and oily diet like meet, cheese.
   • Chain smoking,
                  • Drinking large amount of alcohol.
                  • Taking high amount of salt in diet.
                  • Stress and strain.

Causes of hypertension

Causes of hypertension

 

About 10% of bases of high blood pressure are associated with some diseases.
Diseases associated with hypertension are:

Kidney diseases.
• Diabetes.
• Steroid induced hormonal problem like “Cushing’s Syndrome”.
• Oral contraceptive pill.
• Lupus.
• Painkiller like Ibuprofen.

 

Complications of high blood pressure:

• Heart attack (Myocardial Infarction)

Cardiac complications of hypertension

Cardiac complications of hypertension

• Heart failure.
• Sudden cardiac death.
• Kidney damage.
• CVD (Brain stroke)
• Aneurysm- Dilatation of vessel leading to rupture of vessel and can be life threatening.
• Vision loss as a sequence of hypertensive retinopathy.
• Sexual dysfunction.

 

Followings organs are affected by persistent hypertension

complication-of-hypertension

complications of hypertension

 

What to do when you are diagnosed as a patient of hypertension?

• Consult with your physician regarding your diet, life style and medications.
• Take anti-hypertensive medications according to your doctor’s advice.
• Modify your life style.
• Perform regular physical exercise.
• Prohibit smoking.
• Avoid alcohol consumption.

Monitor your blood pressure regularly at home and continue physical check up at least for 1 time in a month to avoid the complications of hypertension.

Normal Heart and vessels

Normal Heart and vessels

Food for low blood pressure:

You can low your blood pressure or can keep it within normal limit by changing your diet.

Food for low blood pressure are:

Food for Low blood pressure

Food for Low blood pressure

Care your Heart by yourself:

Your heart is your vital organ that ensure proper and adequate blood supply to all of your body systems. So care your heart.

Heart care Tips

Heart care Tips

 

    Know about hypertension and try to prevent it. Remember that……

Hypertension is a silent killer

Hypertension is a silent killer

 

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